Heller's book was intended to be a satire. Irwin Shaw's "The Young Lions" and Norman Mailer's "The Naked and the Dead" were supposed to be The Great American War Novel. ((Shaw)) and ((Mailer)) painted the WW II US Army as filled with fascists, Shaw in the lower ranks, Mailer higher up. Shaw had American soldiers beating up his Jewish protagonist. BTW Hitler had "All Quiet on the Western Front" banned (it was part of the Great Book Burning) as "anti-German," with the full approval of your hero, Rosenberg.